Although the valuable black gold had already been discovered in this region in the early 1800s, the first mine shaft was only built around 1905. It was approximately 500 meters deep and was first put to use in 1908. Only a few years later, on the eve of the first World War, a second shaft was put into operation. By the beginning of the second World War, the mine had expanded further and posessed its own power plant. Today, this once thriving zenith of power lies abandoned as it awaits a new destination.
The two remaining headstocks of Zeche Victoria: pit I and II. These two pits became active around the turn of the twentieth century. Named after the Kaiserin Auguste Viktoria von Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg, this coal mine used to count seven pits in its heydays (around the 1960s). After the mine shut down, the buildings surrounding pit I and II were preserved – thus safeguarding their grand architecture – and today fulfill new functions.
Abandoned headstock of the immense coal mine Zeche Holland. The mine once boasted no less than six pits. The first pit opened in 1856 and closed approximately one century later, in 1963. The last active pit was closed in 1988. Except for this abandoned headstock, all other buildings have been torn down or redeveloped. The unique double Malakow tower of pit I & II was turned into housing whilst other machine rooms were reconverted into offices.
The Recklinghausen coal mine used to be a part of the Belgian ‘Societe Civile Belge des Charbonages d‘ Herne-Bochum’ – mining group. Construction works on the first shaft started in 1869. Both Recklinghausen shafts, I and II, suffered several mining accidents – seven in total – including a number of explosions that lead to the death of 57 miners. The Recklinghausen coal mine was officially closed in 1977. The factory halls have been reconverted and the modernist headstock above shaft II was preserved.
Small coal mine dating back to 1907. In 1909 both pits became fully operational. The short history of the coal mine, which shut down in 1925, was a tumultuous one, maimed by two mine explosions leading to the death of six miners. The first explosion took place in 1911 and the second one only one year later, in 1912. Today, only one headstock and the reconverted machine room (which is used for art exhibits) still stand.
The only remaining headstock of the coal mine Zeche Carl Funke. Although the surrounding buildings have been torn down, this headstock stands strong in the midst of a recreational forest. The origin of the Carl Funke mine dates back to as early as the 1800’s and closed its doors in 1973.
Training complex built by RAG (the German coal mining company). The complex consists of a labyrinth of tunnels above the ground, simulating the working conditions in a real coal mine. Future RAG coal miners were trained in the complex, which – hence the large amount of litter in the tunnels – has been abandoned for some time.