Abandoned headstock of the immense coal mine Zeche Holland. The mine once boasted no less than six pits. The first pit opened in 1856 and closed approximately one century later, in 1963. The last active pit was closed in 1988. Except for this abandoned headstock, all other buildings have been torn down or redeveloped. The unique double Malakow tower of pit I & II was turned into housing whilst other machine rooms were reconverted into offices.
The Recklinghausen coal mine used to be a part of the Belgian ‘Societe Civile Belge des Charbonages d‘ Herne-Bochum’ – mining group. Construction works on the first shaft started in 1869. Both Recklinghausen shafts, I and II, suffered several mining accidents – seven in total – including a number of explosions that lead to the death of 57 miners. The Recklinghausen coal mine was officially closed in 1977. The factory halls have been reconverted and the modernist headstock above shaft II was preserved.
The permit for the pits around FT was already granted around 1770. Around 1890, when the company became the official ‘Société Anonyme du Charbonnage de FT’, several pits were exploited. In 1920, a big accident occurred in one of the pits, causing 12 deaths. The mine already stopped producing in the mid-1930’s.